I wasn't able to even reach the main menu, but I solved this by updating my graphics card drivers (Nvidia). EDIT: The reason this worked is because updating my graphics drivers ended up changing my default audio device!
Just putting this here in case someone else has the same issue.EDIT: I started having instant crash to desktop on startup issues again, but this time I fixed it by choosing a different audio device as my default. "ASUS Xonar DSX Audio Device" is the one that wouldn't work. Here's some info about the audio card that won't work:https://www.newegg.com/Product/Product.aspx?Item=N82E16829132053
ASUS XONAR DSX 7.1 Channels 24-bit 192KHz PCI Express x1 Interface Audio Card
Driver date: 7/15/2016
Driver version: 10.0.14393.0
I have not tried updating the driver yet.